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Study of the beehives found at Tel Rehov is being conducted with the participation of various researchers. Guy Bloch of the Silberman Institute of Life Sciences of the Hebrew University is studying the biological aspects of the finds; he already discovered parts of bees' bodies in the remains of honeycomb extracted from inside the hives. Dvori Namdar of the Weizmann Institute of Science succeeded in identifying beeswax molecules from the walls of the beehives, and Prof. The city of Rehov is indeed mentioned in an Egyptian inscription dating to the time of the Pharaoh Shoshenq I (Biblical Shishak), whom the Bible notes as the contemporary of King Solomon and who invaded Israel following that monarch's death.Mina Evron from Haifa University is analyzing the pollen remains in the hives. A particularly fascinating find at the site is an inscription on a ceramic storage jar found near the beehives that reads "To nmsh".Encompassing 14 lagoons and 8 million gallons of salt water, the habitat is home to more than 50,000 aquatic animals representing over 250 marine species.Archaeologists revealed that the first apiary (beehive colony) dating from the Biblical period has been found in excavations in Israel's Beth Shean Valley. Tel Rehov is believed to have been one of the most important cities of Israel during the Israelite monarchy.This is the earliest apiary to be revealed to date in an archaeological excavation anywhere in the ancient Near East, said Prof. Each row contained at least three tiers of hives, each of which is a cylinder composed of unbaked clay and dry straw, around 80 centimeters long and 40 centimeters in diameter.One end of the cylinder was closed and had a small hole in it, which allowed for the entry and exit of the bees.It is commonly believed that the term refers to honey produced from fruits such as dates and figs.Bees' honey, on the other hand, is mentioned explicitly only twice, both related to wild bees.
Experienced beekeepers and scholars who visited the site estimated that as much as half a ton of honey could be culled each year from these hives. Mazar emphasizes the uniqueness of this latest find by pointing out that actual beehives have never been discovered at any site in the ancient Near East.
Cultic objects were also found in the apiary, including a four-horned altar adorned with figures of naked fertility goddesses, as well as an elaborately painted chalice.
This could be evidence of deviant cultic practices by the ancient Israelites related to the production of honey and beeswax. This is the time period attributed to the reign of King Solomon and the first kings of the northern Kingdom of Israel following the division of the monarchy.
Excavations by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem at near the southern wall of the Temple Mount have unearthed an impression of the royal seal of King Hezekiah (727-698 BCE). Denmark attracted international attention in 2012 when archaeological excavations revealed the bones of an entire army, whose warriors had been thrown into the bogs near the Alken Enge wetlands in ...
Scientists have new dating evidence indicating when the earliest fully modern humans arrived in the Near East, the region known as the Middle East.